We study a general ansatz for an odd supersymmetric version of the Kronecker elliptic function, which satisfies the genus one Fay identity. The obtained result is used for construction of the odd supersymmetric analogue for the classical and quantum elliptic R-matrices. They are shown to satisfy the classical Yang–Baxter equation and the associative Yang–Baxter equation. The quantum Yang–Baxter equation is discussed as well. It acquires additional term in the case of supersymmetric R-matrices.
We describe the orthogonal to the group of principal ideles with respect to the global tame symbol pairing on the group of ideles of a smooth projective algebraic curve over a field.
We establish the relation of Berenstein–Kazhdan’s decoration function and Gross–Hacking–Keel–Kontsevich’s potential on the open double Bruhat cell in the base affine space G/N of a simple, simply connected, simply laced algebraic group G. As a byproduct we derive explicit identifications of polyhedral parametrization of canonical bases of the ring of regular functions on G/N arising from the tropicalizations of the potential and decoration function with the classical string and Lusztig parametrizations. In the appendix we construct maximal green sequences for the open double Bruhat cell in G/N which is a crucial assumption for Gross– Hacking–Keel–Kontsevich’s construction
We define a new 4-dimensional symplectic cut and paste operations arising from the generalized star relations (ta0ta1ta2⋯ta2g+1)2g+1=tb1tb2gtb3, also known as the trident relations, in the mapping class group Γg,3 of an orientable surface of genus g≥1 with 3 boundary components. We also construct new families of Lefschetz fibrations by applying the (generalized) star relations and the chain relations to the families of words (tc1tc2⋯tc2g−1tc2gtc2g+12tc2gtc2g−1⋯tc2tc1)2n=1, (tc1tc2⋯tc2gtc2g+1)(2g+2)n=1and (tc1tc2⋯tc2g−1tc2g)2(2g+1)n=1 in the mapping class group Γg of the closed orientable surface of genus g≥1 and n≥1. Furthermore, we show that the total spaces of some of these Lefschetz fibrations are irreducible exotic symplectic 4-manifolds. Using the degenerate cases of the generalized star relations, we also realize all elliptic Lefschetz fibrations and genus two Lefschetz fibrations over S2 with non-separating vanishing cycles.
In this work we construct a harmonic analysis on free Abelian groups of rank 2, namely: we construct and investigate spaces of functions and distributions, Fourier transforms and actions of discrete and extended discrete Heisenberg groups. In the case of the rank-2 value group of a two-dimensional local field with finite last residue field we connect this harmonic analysis with harmonic analysis on the two-dimensional local field, where the latter harmonic analysis was constructed in earlier works by the authors
We prove a Darboux theorem for derived schemes with symplectic forms of degree k<0, in the sense of Pantev, Toën, Vaquié, and Vezzosi. More precisely, we show that a derived scheme X with symplectic form omega' of degree k is locally equivalent to (Spec A, omega) for Spec(A) an affine derived scheme in which the cdga A has Darboux-like coordinates with respect to which the symplectic form omega is standard, and in which the differential in A is given by a Poisson bracket with a Hamiltonian function Phi of degree k+1.
When k=-1, this implies that a -1-shifted symplectic derived scheme (X,omega') is Zariski locally equivalent to the derived critical locus Crit(Phi) of a regular function Phi: U --> A^1 on a smooth scheme U. We use this to show that the classical scheme t_0(X) has the structure of an algebraic d-critical locus, in the sense of Joyce.
In a series of works, the authors and their collaborators extend these results to (derived) Artin stacks, and discuss a Lagrangian neighbourhood theorem for shifted symplectic derived schemes, and applications to categorified and motivic Donaldson-Thomas theory of Calabi-Yau 3-folds, and to defining new Donaldson-Thomas type invariants of Calabi-Yau 4-folds, and to defining Fukaya categories of Lagrangians in algebraic symplectic manifolds using perverse sheaves.
The problem on the construction of antisymmetric paramodular forms of canonical weight $3$ was open since 1996. Any cusp form of this type determines a canonical differential form on any smooth compactification of the moduli space of Kummer surfaces associated to $(1,t)$-polarised abelian surfaces. In this paper, we construct the first infinite family of antisymmetric paramodular forms of weight $3$ as Borcherds products whose first Fourier-Jacobi coefficient is a theta block.
We define an algebraic set in 23-dimensional projective space whose ℚ-rational points correspond to meromorphic, antisymmetric, paramodular Borcherds products. We know two lines inside this algebraic set. Some rational points on these lines give holomorphic Borcherds products and thus construct examples of Siegel modular forms on degree 2 paramodular groups. Weight 3examples provide antisymmetric canonical differential forms on Siegel modular three-folds. Weight 2 is the minimal weight and these examples, via the paramodular conjecture, give evidence for the modularity of some rank 1 abelian surfaces defined over ℚ.
We construct a filtration on an integrable highest weight module of an affine Lie algebra whose adjoint graded quotient is a direct sum of global Weyl modules. We show that the graded multiplicity of each global Weyl module there is given by the corresponding level-restricted Kostka polynomial. This leads to an interpretation of level-restricted Kostka polynomials as the graded dimension of the space of conformal coinvariants. In addition, as an application of the level one case of the main result, we realize global Weyl modules of current algebras of type ADEADE in terms of Schubert subvarieties of thick affine Grassmanian, as predicted by Boris Feigin.
We prove that for l ≥ 3 the space of Bridgeland stability conditions on the Kronecker quiver with l parallel arrows is biholomorphic to C × H as a complex manifold.
We study two rational Fano threefolds with an action of the icosahedral group 𝔄5. The first one is the famous Burkhardt quartic threefold, and the second one is the double cover of the projective space branched in the Barth sextic surface. We prove that both of them are 𝔄5-Fano varieties that are 𝔄5-birationally superrigid. This gives two new embeddings of the group 𝔄5 into the space Cremona group.
The EA-matrix integrals, introduced in Barannikov (Comptes Rendus Math 348:359–362, 2006), are studied in the case of graded associative algebras with odd or even scalar product. I prove that the EA-matrix integrals for associative algebras with scalar product are integrals of equivariantly closed differential forms with respect to the Lie algebra glN(A)glN(A).